Browse Items (277 total)

Sarah C. Acheson.jpg
Temperance worker Sarah C. Acheson was born in Washington, Pennsylvania, on February 20, 1844.Sarah, sometimes known as Sadie, married Dr. Alexander Wilson Acheson and became the mother to several children. The family moved to Denison, Texas, in the…

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Periodical founded in New York

A Woman of the Century Project and Site.mp4
This screencast, made for the Digital Public History course in the Digital Public Humanities Graduate Certificate Program at George Mason University, introduces A Woman of the Century: A Crowdsourcing Project of the Nineteenth and Twenty-First…

A Woman of the Century Project Item Creation.mp4
This is a screencast about the process of item creation for the A Woman of the Century site.

Agnes Dean Abbatt woc (2).jpg
Agnes Dean Abbatt was born on June 23, 1847 in New York City. Educated at both the art school of theCooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Artand theNational Academy of Design, Agnes was successful as both an art teacher and an artist. She…

Emma Abbott alone(2).jpg
Prima Donna Emma Abbott was born in Chicago, Illinois, on December 9, 1850. Sophia Curtiss Hoffman, Clara Louise Kellogg, andDr. Edwin Hubbell Chapinwere early supporters of Emma's career. She trained in Europe and later became wealthy by touring…

Elizabeth Robinson Abbott larger (2).jpg
Elizabeth Osborne Robinson Abbott was born in Lowell, Massachusetts on September 11, 1852, and grew up in Malden, Massachusetts. Her mother was Harriet Hanson Robinson, a well-known Lowell mill girl and author. Like her daughter, Harriet is included…

Aurilla Furber (2).jpg

Elizabeth Agassiz (2).jpg
Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, one of the founders of Radcliffe College and its first president, was born in Boston, MA on December 5, 1822. The Atlantic Monthly,which putblished her"An Amazonian Picnic"in March 1866,is one periodical which included pieces…

Susanna Valentine Aldrich_0028.jpg
Author Susanna Valentine Aldrich was born in Hopkinton, MA on November 14, 1828. She later lived in Roxbury, MA. Having loved writing from an early age, Susanna became a contributor to periodicals and magazines. She also was a very talented hymn…

Flora L. Aldrich (2).jpg
Dr. Flora L. Aldrich was born in Westford, New York, on October 6, 1859. She married Dr. Alanson G. Aldrich in 1883 and pursued a medical career. Flora graduated from Minnesota Medical College and studied in Vienna, Austria, and in Germany.…

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Lucia True Ames, from Boscawen, New Hampshire, wasborn on May 5, 1856. She wasan author, teacher, suffragist, and pacifist who lived in Boston during her adult years.Lucia's"The Home in the Tenement-House,"published inThe New England Magazinein 1893,…

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This visualization presents the Anti-Slavery women by the generations they were born in.

Anti-Slavery women by birthplace.svg
This visualization presents the Anti-Slavery women by their State or Country of Birth.

Sarah B. Armstrong.jpg
Sarah B. Armstrong was born in Newton, OH, on July 31, 1857. She grew up in Lebanon, OH and attended Lebanon University.While she began teaching art at Lebanon University, Sarah eventually pursued a career in Medicine. She moved to Ann Arbor, MI for…

Jane Goodwin Austin (2).jpg
Jane Goodwin Austin was born in Worcester, MA on February 25, 1831. She married Loring H. Austin in 1850 and became the mother of three children. A prolific writer, Jane was a frequent contributor toAtlantic Monthly,Galaxy,Harper’s Monthly,Peterson’s…

Rosa Miller Avery.jpg
Rosa Miller Avery was born in Madison, Ohio, on May 21, 1830. She married Cyrus Avery in 1853 and became the mother of Cyrus Miller Avery. Her family lived in Ashtabula, Ohio, Erie, Pennsylvania, and then Chicago, Illinois.A passionate reformer, Rosa…

Lepha Eliza Bailey.jpg
Author, lecturer, and reformer Lepha Eliza Bailey was born in Battle Creek, Michigan on January 21, 1841. She began her writing career by contributing to newspapers. Lepha married Lewis Bailey in 1873 and started a family. They lived in Battle Creek…

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Harriette Newell Woods Baker, an Andover, Massachusetts native, was born on August 19, 1815.Better known by her pseudonyms "Madeline Leslie" and "Aunt Hattie," Harriette was an author, editor, playwright and publisher. As herA Woman of the…

Ella Maria Ballou.jpg
Stenographer Ella Maria Ballou was born in Wallingford, VT on November 15, 1852. After attending Wallingford High School, Ella became a teacher.In 1885, she became the first female reporter for the Rutland County Court. Later, she added Addison…

Melissa Elizabeth Riddle Banta 2.jpg
Melissa Elizabeth Riddle Banta, a native of Cheviot, Ohio, was born on March 27, 1834. She attended Wesleyan Female Institute in Cincinnati and Female Collegiate Institute in Covington, Kentucky. After teaching early in her career, Melissa focused on…

Susan E. Barry (2).jpg
Susan E. Hall Barry was born in Minisink, New York, on March 19, 1826, and grew up near Ithaca, New York.She moved to New York City to receive her medical education and graduated in 1861. In June of that year, Susan heeded the Ladies' Central Relief…

Clara Barton (2).jpg
Clara Barton, a native of North Oxford, MA, is best known as the founder of the American Red Cross. She was born on December 25, 1821, the youngest child of Stephen and Sara Stone Barton. Clara grew up in North Oxford and lived near her cousin,Martha…

Kate_Josephine_Bateman (3).jpg
Actress Kate Bateman was born in Baltimore, MD onOctober 7, 1843. Her father, Hezekiah Linthicum Bateman, was in the theatre world and had his two daughters, Kate and Ellen, perform as young girls. They performed at the Barnum Museum in Bridgeport,…

Clara Doty Bates.jpg
Clara Doty Bates was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan on December 22, 1838. A writer from an early age, Clara attended private schools. She married Morgan Bates, a newspaperman, in 1876 and the couple moved to Chicago, Illinois.A well-known writer of…

Emily Verdery Battey article (2).jpg
Emily Verdery Battey, anative of Belair GA, was bornon November 18, 1826. Awell known journalist, Emily reported for The Sun, a New York newspaper for many years, beginning in 1868. She also contributed to The Evening Telegram, Harper's Magazine,…

Frances Courtenay Baylor (2).jpg
Author, novelist, and playwright Frances Courtenay Baylor, who was born on January 20, 1848, hailed from Fayetteville, Arkansas. During her lifetime, she also called San Antonio, Texas, England, and Winchester, Virginia, home.She wrote pieces such as…

Catharine_Beecher (3).jpg
Catharine Esther Beecher, a member of the famous Beecher family, was an educator and author. She was born in East Hampton, NY on September 6, 1800, and spent much of her childhood in Litchfield, Connecticut.Beecher began the Hartford Female Seminary…

Emma Lee Benedict (2).jpg
Emma Lee Benedict, born on November 16, 1857, was a native of Clifton Park, New York. She was an editor, educator, author, public speaker, and temperance reformer. Passionate about education from a young age, Emma was a graduate of the State Normal…

Martia L. Davis Berry.jpg
Political reformer Martia L. Davis Berry was born in Portland, Michigan on January 22, 1844. She became a teacher in the Portland Public Schools at age seventeen.Martia married John S. Berry, a Civil War veteran, in 1865. She and John had one child,…

Mary Agnes Dalrymple Bishop larger.jpg
Mary Agnes Dalyrmple Bishop was born in Springfield, Massachusetts on August 12, 1857. Her family moved to Grafton, Massachusetts when she was less than two years old.Mary Agnes began writing for local papers at age eleven and was editor of The…

Alice_Stone_Blackwell (2).jpg
Alice Stone Blackwell was born in Orange, New Jersey on September 14, 1857. She was a graduate of Boston University.During her career, Alice was a journalist, editor, and suffragist. She editedWoman's Column and, like her mother, Lucy Stone, she…

Elizabeth Blackwell.jpg
Elizabeth Blackwell, who was born in Bristol, England, on February 3, 1821, became one of the first women physicians in the United States. She persisted in applying to various medical schools as her applications were rejected because she was a woman.…

Helen Augusta Blanchardl_0107.jpg
Inventor Helen Augusta Blanchard was born in Portland, Maine on October 25, 1840. She was the daughter of a wealthy shipowner and businessman. When her father's business failed and he eventually died in 1866, Helen took to patent development and…

Agnes Booth.jpg
Agnes Booth, then known as Marion Agnes Land Rookes, was born in Sydney, Australia, on October 4, 1843. She was a dancer as a young woman and came to the United States to dance in San Francisco. However, a heart condition required a change in Agnes's…

Boston Radical Club 2jpg.jpg
Boston club consisting of Transcendentalists, philosophers, and authors. The Boston Radical Club was founded in Spring, 1867 and disbanded in 1880. Its members included Ednah Dow Cheney, Mary Grew, Julia Ward Howe, Nora Perry, Mary Elizabeth Fiske…

Myra Bradwell (2).jpg
Myra Bradwell, a native of Manchester, Vermont, who was born on February 12, 1831, was one the most well-known female lawyers of the nineteenth century. As a pioneer in the field, she created and argued for important legal rights, including "the law…

Emma Brinton Southwick (2).jpg
Army nurse Emma Southwick Brinton was born in Peabody, Massachusetts on April 7, 1834. During the Civil War, she served as a nurse in Washington, D.C.; Petersburg, Virginia; the Sea Islands; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.Later, Emma became a writer…

Alice Brotherton (2).jpg
Alice Williams Brotherton was born in Cambridge, Indiana on April 4, 1848. HerA Woman of the Centuryprofile notes the important roles that being raised in a home with books and a mother who encouraged writing played in setting Alice on the road to a…

Emma Elizabeth Brown (2).jpg
Author Emma Elizabeth Brownwas born onOctober 18, 1847. Emma's literary career began in her native town, Concord, New Hampshire, when she submitted a poem to theConcord Monitor. Once she moved to Boston, Emma wrote a book of poems and contributed to…

Emeline Burlingame (4).jpg
Emeline S. Burlingame, an editor and evangelist, was born in Smithfield, Rhode Island on September 22, 1836. She grew up in Rhode Island and attended Providence High School and Rhode Island Normal School. Emeline married Luther Rawson Burlingame on…

Clara Louise Burnham.jpg
Clara Louise Burnham, born in Newton, Massachusetts,on May 25,1854, spent her early years in New York City. However, her family moved to Chicago when Clara Louise was a young girl, and she lived most of her life there. She was the daughter of Mary…

Elizabeth Cameron (2).jpg
Elizabeth Millar Cameron, an editor, a publisher, and a temperance and women's rights reformer, was born in Niagara, Ontario, Canada on March 8, 1851, to Scottish parents. She married John Cameron and became the mother of five children. The Camerons…

Ellen M. Carpenter (2).jpg
Ellen M. Carpenter was born in Killingly, Connecticut, on November 28, 1836.During her career as an artist, she studied in Worcester, Massachusetts, Boston, Massachusetts, Paris, France, and Berlin, Germany. For her work, Ellen travelled throughout…

Matilda B. Carse (2).jpg
Matilda B. Carse, a Belfast, Ireland native, was born on November 19, 1835. Shebecame involved with the temperance cause after the tragic death of her young son due to a drunken wagon driver. For the rest of her life, this philanthropist toiled for…

Florence Byrne Cartwright.jpg
Florence Byrne Cartwright was born in Galena, Illinois, on December 27, 1863. She resided in Grass Valley, California, where she became postmistress in December of 1887, following the death of postmaster father. After meeting her husband, Richard…

Emily Thornton Charles (2).jpg
Mrs. Emily Thornton Charles was a prodigious author, poet, journalist and editor. Emily, born in Lafayette, Indiana on March 21st, 1845, liked to write in rhyme as a child and was recognized for her writing skills and her ease at expressing herself.…

Lydia Maria Child (2).jpg
Lydia Maria Childwas born on February 11, 1802, in Medford, Massachusetts. She gained early readers through her fiction, her biographies, and her periodical,Juvenile Miscellany.She bravely risked her established reputation in support of the…

Elizabeth Cochrane.jpg
Author, journalist, and traveler Elizabeth Cochrane, better known as "Nellie Bly," was born in Cochrane Mills, PA on May 5, 1867. She later lived in Indiana, PA, Pittsburgh, PA, and New York, NYShe began her career as a writer forThe Pittsburgh…

Ina Donna Coolbrith (2).jpg
Ina Donna Coolbrith, who was born in Nauvoo, Illinois, on March 10, 1841, grew up in California and became its Poet Laureate.During her prolific writing career, Ina contributed toOverland Monthlyand later ran it with Bret Harte and Charles Warren…

Mary Emily Bennett Coues.jpg
Mary Emily Bennett Coues was born in New York, New York on August 26, 1835.After traveling to and living abroad, Mary Emily married Philadelphia merchant Joseph W. Bates. In addition to their Philadelphia mansion at 1814 Chestnut Street, the couple…

Lotta Crabree.jpg
Born in New York Cityon November 7, 1847, Charlotte Crabtree, known as Lotta, spent her childhood in California. She began singing, dancing, and acting at a young age, going on tour in California while she was a teenager. Lotta's debut in the city of…

Charity Rusk Craig (2).jpg
Charity Rusk Craig was born in Portersville, OH, on December 20, 1849, the eldest of three children of Jeremiah M. Rusk and Mary Elizabeth Martin. Her parents moved to Wisconsin with their family when Charity was three years old, and she lost her…

MaryHelenPeckCrane (2).jpg
Mary Helen Peck Crane, the daughter of Methodist Episcopal minister George Peck and Mary Myers Peck, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, on April 10, 1827. Her husband, Reverend Jonathan Towley Crane, was a Methodist Episcopal pastor and the…

Alma Carrie Cummings (2).jpg
Alma Carrie Cummings was born in Columbia, New Hampshire on March 21, 1857. She married Edwin S. Cummings when she was seventeen. They started a family, and he worked as a newspaper owner. As herA Woman of the Centuryprofileexplains, once Edwin was…

Helen Dauvray (2).jpg
Actress Helen Dauvray was born in San Francisco, California, on Valentine's Day in 1859. She made her acting debut in the same city, just five years later."Little Nell, the California Diamond," as she was known, had a very successful career in New…

Fanny Lily Gipsy Davenport (2).jpg
Fanny Lily Gipsy Davenport,born on April 10, 1850,hailed from London, England. She was a popular actress who had her own theatre company. LikeLotta Crabtreeand many other actors and actresses, Fanny thrilled audiences throughout the country during…

Alice S. Deletombe (2).jpg
Alice S. Deletombe, born in Gallipolis, OH on April 2, 1854, was a poet. Humble by nature, young Alice did not publicize her work and often wrote under a pseudonym.In 1891, The Magazine of Poetry published her image, some of her poems, and a…

Abby Morton Diaz (2).jpg
Abby Morton Diaz was born in Plymouth, Massachusetts, on November 22, 1821. During the 1840s, Abby and some of her family members spent time at Brook Farm, the Uptopian community in West Roxbury, Massachusetts. Recalling her friends hip with Abby…

Anna Elizabeth Dickinson.jpg
Anna Elizabeth Dickinson was born on October 28, 1842 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her father passed away in 1844, when Anna was two years old. She went to the Friends' Free School, studied hard, and read constantly.By the age of fifteen, Anna had…

Annie Le Porte Diggs.jpg
Politician and journalist Annie Le Porte Diggs was born in London, Ontario, Canada on February 22, 1853.She moved to Lawrence, KS and was very involved wiith the People's Party, the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association, and the Woman's Christian…

Mary Dight.jpg
Mrs. Mary A. G.. Dight, also known as "Minnie," was born in Portsmouth, Ohio, on November 7, 1860. A talented musician, she attended the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts. When she decided to change career paths to become a…

Mary J. Scarlett Dixon (2).jpg
Mary J. Scarlett Dixon was born in Robeson, Berks County, Pennsylvania, on October 23, 1822. She grew up in a Quaker family that became very involved in the Anti-Slavery cause. Having lost both parents by the age of sixteen, Mary was very interested…

Bessie Agnes Dwyer (2).jpg
Bessie Agnes Dwyer, the youngest daughter of Judge Thomas A. Dwyer, was born on September 29, 1866, in Nueces County, Texas. The multi-talented Bessie became the first woman of Texas to earn a legal degree, the first woman to enter the library…

Clara L. Brown Dyer (2).jpg
Clara L. Brown Dyer, who was born in Cape Elizabeth, Maine, on March 13, 1849, came from a family with a long history in New England. Her relatives served in the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and the Civil War. One ancestor (Job Tyler) was…

Elizabeth and her brother Aaron.jpg
This image is of a young Elizabeth Powell and her eighteen year old brother Aaron.

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Lillian_Blanche_Fearing_01 (2).jpg
Author and lawyer Lillian Blanche Fearing was born in Davenport, Iowa, on November 27, 1863. Despite being blind from birth, Lillian achieved much during her lifetime. Lillian's obituary in the Rock Island Argus notes, in part:"At the age of 8 she…

Susan Frances Nelson Ferree.jpg
Susan Frances Nelson Ferree is our Woman of the Week. Please view the link in our profile to see links related to Susan. Susan Frances Nelson Ferree was born in Mount Pleasant, Iowa, on January 14, 1844, and grew up in Keokuk, Iowa. She married…

Martha R. Field (2).jpg
Martha Reinhard Smallwood Field, known as "Mattie," was born in Lexington, MO, but she spent most of her life in New Orleans, LA. "She was the first woman journalist to draw a salary in that city," according to her profile in A Woman of the Century…

Stella A. Gaines Fifield.jpg
Stella A. Gaines Fifield was born in Paw Paw, Michigan on June 1, 1845. She later lived in Taylor Falls, Minnesota and graduated from Chicago Seminary, Minnesota. Early in her career, Stella was a teacher in Osceola WI, but she made her major mark in…

Alice S. Foxworthy (2).jpg
Educator and missionary Alice S. Foxworthy was born in Mount Carmel, KY onDecember 22, 1852.Alice attended Stanford Academy in Stanford, KY and later taught there. She also taught at Catlettsburg High School (KY), East Kentucky Normal School, and…

Seraph Frissell (2).jpg
Physician Seraph Frissell was born in Peru, Massachusetts on August 20, 1840. She attendedMount Holyoke Seminary,while also teaching, and graduated in 1869. Seraph continued teaching until 1872, when she began her medical training at the University…

Ella A. Giles.jpg
Ella A. Giles was born near Madison, Wisconsin, on February 2, 1851. Growing up in the home of a father who was a philanthropist and a mother who fostered Ella’s love of art and literature, she pursued interests in those areas throughout her life. As…

Cynthia Gorton3 (3).jpg
Cynthia M. Roberts Gorton was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, on February 27, 1826. While attending Troy Female Seminary, she began to lose her sight. After Cynthia married Frederick Gorton, she became totally blind. However, this determined…

Louisa Morton Greene (2).jpg
Louisa Morton Willard Greene was born in Ashburnham, Massachusetts, on May 23, 1819. She worked in a woolen mill in Dedham, Massachusetts, where she began writing, and later taught in Portsmouth, New Hampshire.After marrying businessman and…

Mary Grew (2).jpg
Anti-slavery agitator and preacher Mary Grew was born in Hartford, Connecticut on September 1, 1813. She later lived in Boston, Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania.Mary was devoted to abolition, speaking on the topic and collaborating with…

Ella Rhoads Higginson (2).jpg
Poet and author Ella Rhoads Higginson was born in Council Grove, Kansas, on January 28, 1862. Her family moved to Portland, Oregon, when she was a child, and they later lived in Oregon City, Oregon.Ella married Russell C. Higginson in 1886, and the…

Eliza Trask Hill (2).jpg
ElizaTraskHill, a native of Warren, Massachusetts, was born on May 10, 1840. Her profile lists her as a woman suffragist and journalist, but she alsowas a wife, a mother, a teacher, and a supporter of several different causes.With a father and…

Sophia Curtiss Hoffman (3).jpg
Philanthropist and women's rights advocate Sophia Curtiss Hoffman was born in Sheffield, Massachusetts, on November 24, 1825. Emma Curtiss Bascom, her younger sister, is also inA Woman of the Century.Sophia married George Hoffman and moved to New…

Mary Emma Holmes.jpg
Mary Emma Smith Holmes was born on a farm near Peoria, Illinois on August 3, 1839.A dedicated reformer, she was a member of the Equal Suffrage Association, and the National American Woman Suffrage Association. In addition, Mary Emma was a leader of…

Independent women by generation.svg
Female contributors to The Independent by generation of birth.

Helen Maria Fiske Jackson.jpg
Helen Maria Fiske Jackson, better known as Helen Hunt Jackson, or "H. H.", was an extremely popular writer. She was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, on October 18, 1831.Jackson was a contributor toThe Atlantic Monthly,Galaxy,Hearth and Home,The…

Katherine Johnson Jackson.jpg
Katharine Johnson Jackson, daughter of former Massachusetts senator and representative Hon. Emerson Johnson, was born in Sturbridge, Massachusetts, on April 7, 1841. Following periods of public school and home school instruction, she entered a…

Jeanie Oliver Smith.jpg

Sarah Doan La Fetra (2).jpg
Sarah Doan La Fetra was born in Sabina, Ohio on June 11, 1843. After attending Alfred Holbrook's National Normal School in Ledyard, Ohio. Sarah was a teacher until her marriage to George H. La Fetra on October 6, 1867. The La Fetra family moved to…

Emma Lazarus.jpg
Emma Lazarus was born in New York, New York on July 22, 1849 and died there on November 19, 1887.Emma was inspired and mentored by Ralph Waldo Emerson. In 1868, she mailed her book to Ralph Waldo Emerson which resulted in a mentor-mentee…

Anna Byford Leonard (2).jpg
Anna Byford Leonard, a sanitary reformer, ceramic artist, art teacher, author, and missionary leader was born in Mount Vernon, Indiana on July 31, 1843. The daughter of William Heath Byford, a physician and surgeon who was the founder of Woman's…

Flora Haines Loughead.jpg
Author Flora Haines Loughead was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on July 12, 1855. By 1870, her family had moved to West Lincoln, Ilinois. Flora graduated from Lincoln University in 1872. She married Charles E. Apponyi in Sacramento in August of 1875.…

Mary D. Lowman.jpg
Mary D. Lowman, who served as mayor of Oskaloosa, Kansas, was born in Shelocta, Indiana County, Pennsylvania, on January 27, 1842. She married George W. Lowman in 1866 and moved to Kansas. Mary became the mother of two children.She taught for many…

Maude Andrews Ohl (2).jpg

Sarah Ann Mather (2).jpg
Sarah Ann Mather was born in Chester, MA on March 20, 1820. She attended Wesleyan Academy in Wilbraham, MA and became involved in the field of education. Sarah taught art at New England Conference Seminary in East Greenwich, RI and was both an…
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